Directions (1-5): Given sentences are not in their exact position. Rearrange them to make a coherent paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A)  The government, however, has since clarified that it would rather spread awareness about the menace of plastic.              

(B)   In the absence of sufficient alternatives to this ubiquitous and cheap material, an outright ban would have caused much disruption across the country.             

(C)  Many assumed that for the campaign to be effective, New Delhi was preparing to ban the use of disposable plastic.

(D)  While users of some flexible items such as carry bags can easily switch to slightly more expensive material, as many already have, those of hard-plastic products, such as disposable syringes, would have found an overnight switch-over difficult to achieve.

(E)   For example, would create plastic-free zones to begin with—around heritage sites.

(F)   Prime Minister Narendra Modi told the UN General Assembly that India was embarking on a “very large campaign” to get rid of single-use plastic.

  1. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) F                           (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the LAST sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) F

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) F                            (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

Directions (6-10): Given sentences are not in their exact position. Rearrange them to make a coherent paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A)  SBI suffered in that year simply because its bad loans ate up much of the profits.

(B)   It has a business model that rests on making individuals take equate monthly installments to fund their desires and lifestyle purchases.

(C)  Bajaj Finance, on the other hand, is no troubled NBFC.

(D)  In FY19, Bajaj Finance generated a net profit of 3,995 crore, far higher than SBI’s 862 crore.

(E)   Apart from bad loans, SBI’s book is dominated by corporate loans, which also means that in times of stress, the bank will face exponential increase in delinquencies compared with others simply because of the size of its exposures to troubled NBFCs.

  1. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

  1. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after the rearrangement?

        (a) A                           (b) B                           (c) C

        (d) D                          (e) E

Directions (11-13): In the questions given below, there is a sentence in which one part is given in bold. The part given in bold may or may not be grammatically correct. Choose the best alternative among the four given which can replace the part in bold to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the part given in bold is already correct and does not require any replacement, choose option (e), i.e. “No replacement required” as your answer.

  1. To overlook the strides India has made since 1947 for miss the lessons of history.

        (a) is to miss the lessons

        (b) on miss the lessons

        (c) to miss the lessons

        (d) about miss the lessons

        (e) No replacement required

  1. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a poet for a pluralist approachto politics.

        (a) poet with a pluralist approach

        (b) poet and had a pluralist approach

        (c) poet who possessed a pluralist approach

        (d) Options (a), (b) and (c)

        (e) No replacement required

  1. When he went out he left the radio on so that his parents shall think thathe was still in the house.

        (a) might think that

        (b) will thought that

        (c) should have been thought that

        (d) would thought that

        (e) No correction required

Direction (14-16): Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

  1. In the current knowledge-driven economy, the higher education system playing a major rolein social development and national economic competitiveness.

        (I) plays a major role

        (II) has played a major role

        (III) may play a major role

        (a) Only (I) is correct

        (b) Both (I) and (II) are correct

        (c) Both (II) and (III) are correct

        (d) All are correct

        (e) No correction required

  1. India is in transition towards a knowledge-based economy and its competitive edge determined from the abilitiesof its people to create, share and use knowledge more effectively.

        (I) will be determined by the abilities

        (II) can be determined by the abilities

        (III) have to be determined from the abilities

        (a) Only (I) is correct

        (b) Both (I) and (II) are correct

        (c) Both (I) and (III) are correct

        (d) All are correct

        (e) No correction required

  1. The success of the cadets from the Boys Sports Company of the Army Sports Institute, Pune, at the recent ‘Khelo India’ school games has indeed a welcome.

        (I) will be indeed a welcome

        (II) is indeed welcomed

        (III) should be welcomed

        (a) Only (I) is correct

        (b) Both (I) and (II) are correct

        (c) Both (II) and (III) are correct

        (d) All are correct

        (e) No correction required

Directions (17-20): In the following question, four sentences are given which may be grammatically and contextually correct. You need to find the one which has an error and mark that as your answer. If all the given sentences are correct then mark option (e) i.e. ‘no error’ as your answer.

  1. (a)   To argue that someone is born great requires believing in astrology or unproven fantasies such as reincarnation.

        (b)   Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh has asked the Centre to take up canalisation of the State’s three eastern rivers of the Indus water.

        (c)   India is one of the leading rice producing country in the world.

        (d)   Mexico is most successful in attracting cross listings.

        (e)   No error

  1. (a)   The prevailing system will be result in the failure of the mission, hence it should be changed..

        (b)   Foreign Direct Investment (FDI 1.0) has been welcomed in India irrespective of whether or not its equity structure includes Indian public shareholding.

        (c)   The world has undergone a structural change with the emergence of Internet MNCs such as Microsoft, Google, Facebook and Twitter.

        (d)   The Delhi Cabinet on Thursday approved a Bill to set up “India’s first” sports university in Delhi.

        (e)   No error

  1. (a)   The performance of the cricket team in the last series was fairly ordinary and below stature.

        (b)   ‘The Delhi Sports University Bill’ approved by the Cabinet, grants the university the right to establish constituent schools and colleges.

        (c)   The Chancellor of the Delhi Sports University will be the Lt. Governor.

        (d)   Security has been beefed up across the national capital after police received intelligence inputs on a possible terror strike.

        (e)   No error

  1. (a) Consumers have the right to reject faulty goods and demand a refund.

        (b)   Glasses help my vision improve and allow me to see far away.

        (c)   A defect of title or undisclosed liability would invalidate the sale at any time.

        (d)   Along with a positive attitude and a healthy diet, your fitness level play a major role in how you feel.

        (e)   All are correct

SOLUTION

  1. (d): Reading through the lines, it can be easily inferred that the passage formed will be about the use of plastic. The first sentence will be (F) as it informs that the PM has started a campaign to get rid of single use plastic. Next sentence will be (C) as it discusses about what the people thought would be the decision of the government. And then (A) will follow (C) as it tells the actual thinking of the government. (E) will be the next statement in the rearrangement as it gives an example of the decision of the government. Next statement will be (B) as it explains why the government did not ban the plastic. (D) will be the last statement as it explains what steps the people have already taken.

                Hence, the rearrangement will be FCAEBD. The correct answer choice will be (d)

  1. (d): Reading through the lines, it can be easily inferred that the passage formed will be about the use of plastic. The first sentence will be (F) as it informs that the PM has started a campaign to get rid of single use plastic. Next sentence will be (C) as it discusses about what the people though would be the decision of the government. And then (A) will follow (C) as it tells the actual thinking of the government. (E) will be the next statement in the rearrangement as it gives an example of the decision of the government. Next statement will be (B) as it explains why the government did not ban the plastic. (D) will be the last statement as it explains what steps the people have already taken. Hence, the rearrangement will be FCAEBD. The correct answer choice will be (d)
  2. (c): Reading through the lines, it can be easily inferred that the passage formed will be about the use of plastic. The first sentence will be (F) as it informs that the PM has started a campaign to get rid of single use plastic. Next sentence will be (C) as it discusses about what the people though would be the decision of the government. And then (A) will follow (C) as it tells the actual thinking of the government. (E) will be the next statement in the rearrangement as it gives an example of the decision of the government. Next statement will be (B) as it explains why the government did not ban the plastic. (D) will be the last statement as it explains what steps the people have already taken. Hence, the rearrangement will be FCAEBD. The correct answer choice will be (c).
  3. (e): Reading through the lines, it can be easily inferred that the passage formed will be about the use of plastic. The first sentence will be (F) as it informs that the PM has started a campaign to get rid of single use plastic. Next sentence will be (C) as it discusses about what the people though would be the decision of the government. And then (A) will follow (C) as it tells the actual thinking of the government. (E) will be the next statement in the rearrangement as it gives an example of the decision of the government. Next statement will be (B) as it explains why the government did not ban the plastic. (D) will be the last statement as it explains what steps the people have already taken. Hence, the rearrangement will be FCAEBD. The correct answer choice will be (e).
  4. (a): Reading through the lines, it can be easily inferred that the passage formed will be about the use of plastic. The first sentence will be (F) as it informs that the PM has started a campaign to get rid of single use plastic. Next sentence will be (C) as it discusses about what the people though would be the decision of the government. And then (A) will follow (C) as it tells the actual thinking of the government. (E) will be the next statement in the rearrangement as it gives an example of the decision of the government. Next statement will be (B) as it explains why the government did not ban the plastic. (D) will be the last statement as it explains what steps the people have already taken. Hence, the rearrangement will be FCAEBD. The correct answer choice will be (a).
  5. (c): Going through the statements it can be inferred that in the passage profits and business models of Bajaj Finance and SBI is compared. The first line will be (D) as it introduces the passage, it tells about the profits earned by the entities in FY19. The next line in the sequence will be (A) as it tells the reason why SBI suffered the loss. (E) will be the next line as it gives another reason as well. (C) will be the following statement as it follows (E) as both talk about NBFCs. (B) will follow (C) as it adds meaning to (C). Hence, the arrangement will be DAECB. Thus, correct answer will be (c).
  6. (a): Going through the statements it can be inferred that in the passage profits and business models of Bajaj Finance and SBI is compared. The first line will be (D) as it introduces the passage, it tells about the profits earned by the entities in FY19. The next line in the sequence will be (A) as it tells the reason why SBI suffered the loss. (E) will be the next line as it gives another reason as well. (C) will be the following statement as it follows (E) as both talk about NBFCs. (B) will follow (C) as it adds meaning to (C). Hence, the arrangement will be DAECB. Thus, correct answer will be (a).
  7. (e): Going through the statements it can be inferred that in the passage profits and business models of Bajaj Finance and SBI is compared. The first line will be (D) as it introduces the passage, it tells about the profits earned by the entities in FY19. The next line in the sequence will be (A) as it tells the reason why SBI suffered the loss. (E) will be the next line as it gives another reason as well. (C) will be the following statement as it follows (E) as both talk about NBFCs. (B) will follow (C) as it adds meaning to (C). Hence, the arrangement will be DAECB. Thus, correct answer will be (e).
  8. (d): Going through the statements it can be inferred that in the passage profits and business models of Bajaj Finance and SBI is compared. The first line will be (D) as it introduces the passage, it tells about the profits earned by the entities in FY19. The next line in the sequence will be (A) as it tells the reason why SBI suffered the loss. (E) will be the next line as it gives another reason as well. (C) will be the following statement as it follows (E) as both talk about NBFCs. (B) will follow (C) as it adds meaning to (C). Hence, the arrangement will be DAECB. Thus, correct answer will be (d).
  9. (b): Going through the statements it can be inferred that in the passage profits and business models of Bajaj Finance and SBI is compared. The first line will be (D) as it introduces the passage, it tells about the profits earned by the entities in FY19. The next line in the sequence will be (A) as it tells the reason why SBI suffered the loss. (E) will be the next line as it gives another reason as well. (C) will be the following statement as it follows (E) as both talk about NBFCs. (B) will follow (C) as it adds meaning to (C). Hence, the arrangement will be DAECB. Thus, correct answer will be (b).
  10. (a): A sentence is a group of words which has at least one independent-clause. An independent-clause has at least one subject and one verb and makes complete sense.

                In the given sentence, ‘to overlook the strides India has made since 1947’ is the subject. ‘for’ is a preposition and generally, a noun-phrase follows a preposition. The phrase ‘miss the lessons of history’ starts with a verb ‘miss’. A verb-phrase doesn’t follow a preposition. Hence, a preposition (i.e., ‘for’) cannot precedes the verb ‘miss’, and the part given in bold needs to be replaced.

                Also, the given sentence doesn’t have any verb-phrase, and so, it is an incorrect.

                Among the options, only option (a) ‘is to’ satisfies the requirement of the sentence. Replacing ‘is to’ with ‘for’ satisfies the requirement of the sentence. Now, ‘is’ is a verb and ‘to’ along with ‘miss’ would make a to-infinitive, and the phrase ‘to miss the lessons of history’ would be a to-infinitive phrase.

                Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

  1. (d): The usage of the preposition ‘for’ is incorrect in the context of the sentence. ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee’ Ji possessed a pluralist approach to politics. Here, the correct preposition to be used would be ‘with’.

                Options (b) and (c) are also correct.

                ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a poet and had a pluralist approach to politics.’

                ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a poet who possessed a pluralist approach to politics.’

                For option (b), the phrases ‘was a poet’ and ‘had a pluralist approach to politics’ are predicate for the subject ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee’.

                In the option (c), the phrase ‘,who possessed a pluralist approach to politics’ is a participle-phrase (starting word is a participle (2nd form of verb) ) and functioning as an adjective for the noun (or Subject of the sentence) ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee’.

                Hence, all the options, option (a), (b) and (c), are correct, and thus, option (d) is the correct answer.

  1. (a): In place of ‘shall’, ‘might’ or ‘should’ will be used because the clause ‘he left the radio’ is in past tense and according to this, the purpose of clause will also be in past tense.
  2. (d): All the above expressions (I, II and III) can be used to replace the existing phrase to make the sentence grammatically correct and logically meaningful. It is to be noted that the expression “playing a major role” misses a helping verb to complement the sentence grammatically. If we consider the grammatical aspect of the sentence, all the three expressions given as alternatives follow the correct grammar syntax that make the sentence contextually meaningful as well. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.
  3. (b): Read the sentence carefully, it can be verified that the given sentence is grammatically incorrect as there is an error in the highlighted part of the sentence which needs to be replaced by a correct and meaningful expression. Among the three options, the first and the second expressions provide a contextual meaning to the sentence. They both make sure that the sentence follows the correct grammar structure and the intended meaning of the sentence remains intact. However, the third expression is not befitting to the sentence as the plural verb “have” cannot be used for the singular subject [India] in this case. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
  4. (c): The use of the article “a” in the highlighted portion makes the sentence incomplete as the expression suggests no proper meaning. Among the given options, both the expressions (II) and (III) can be used to replace the existing phrase to make the sentence grammatically viable. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
  5. (c): There is an error in the option (c) as with ‘one of the’ plural noun is used. Hence, instead of ‘country’, ‘countries’ should be used.

                Hence, option (c) is correct answer choice.

  1. (a): There is an error in the first statement. In (a) ‘will be result’ is incorrect. The use of ‘be’ with ‘will’ is not needed.

                Hence, the correct answer choice is option (a).

  1. (a): The use of ‘fairly’ is incorrect as words like ‘very’ or ‘rather’ should be used as ‘fairly’ means ‘moderately’ and is only used in front of pleasant adjective.

                Hence, option (a) is correct answer choice

  1. (d): All the sentences are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful except for sentence (d). Phrases such as together with, as well as, and along with are not the same as ‘and’. The phrase introduced by ‘as well as’ or ‘along with’ will modify the earlier word, but it does not compound the subjects (as the word ‘and’ would do). Therefore, when (the head word of) the subject is separated from the verb by expressions starting with words such as ‘along with’, ‘as well as’, and ‘besides’, ignore these expressions when determining whether to use a singular or plural verb. Thus, “play” should be replaced by its singular form “plays”. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice